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150 Rock And Roll Hall Of Fame Candidates A-C

Criteria: The Top 150 Candidates (Eligible artists who have yet to be inducted and are not among this year's nominees). Candidates names are in alphabetical order. (A through C)

(Note: DDD is not affiliated with the Rock And Roll Hall of Fame)

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QUALIFICATIONS (on a scale of 1-10)
10 - The Immortals
9 - Deserves To Be A First Ballot Lock
8 - Should Be Guaranteed An Induction
7 - An Eventual Induction Is Likely
6 - Should Be Nominated At Some Point
5 - Worthy Of At Least A Debate For A Nomination
4 - Not Insignificant, But Shouldn't Be Nominated
3 - No Business Being Debated By Committee
2 - No Business Being Even Mentioned
1 - No Business Visiting The Hall Of Fame Without a Ticket
Rock And Roll Hall Of Fame Candidates
Johnny Ace
Pioneering rock balladeer, its first legendary tragedy (dies playing Russian Roulette backstage Christmas Night, 1954), member of the Memphis supergroup Beale Streeters with R&R HOF'ers BB King & Bobby Bland, possessor of three #1 R&B hits including the posthumous crossover smash "Pledging My Love" which helped introduce rock 'n' roll to white America in the winter of 1955. Should be a sure thing for recognition alone, as he's the biggest name in 50's lore not yet in.

Qualifications: 8
Though fairly successful new wave icons they also have an image in the mainstream as too kitsch-oriented, which is always a drawback to be taken seriously by voters. But even if the campy impression they left hurts them, they have the requisite handful of familiar hits to provide easy reference to and remain familiar figures in a style that was widely admired, so at the very least they could have enough support for a nomination at some point.

Qualifications: 5
Afrika Bambaataa
Afrika Bambaataa is the ground zero point for the explosion of hip-hop culture as a whole. Though beaten to the charts by the Sugarhill Gang, Kurtis Blow and Grandmaster Flash & The Furious Five, Bambaataa soon followed with the breakthough hit "Planet Rock" in 1982 which not only paved the way for the rap explosion that followed, but Bambaataa's entire persona gave the style its signature cultural look and feel. Musically, he injected electronic rhythms and pioneered the deep bass sound that still exists today. His hitmaking career only encompassed a few more releases, including the legendary pairing on "Unity" with James Brown, but there aren't many artists who were as influential as Bam in rock history.

Qualifications: 7
The Hall Of Fame is clearly uncomfortable acknowledging females in rock following the 60's era, seeming to feel that any after that who sing sweetly must be "pop", thus dismissing them from consideration. That doesn't bode well for Bananarama, but the new wave queens of Great Britain had a run of success that isn't quite so easy to ignore on both sides of the ocean. They topped both country's singles charts and scored numerous other hits, plus got critical raves for tackling more daring subjects, such as rape, and the Hall desperately needs more females.

Qualifications: 5
The Bangles
Since they started no new styles, weren't controversial and didn't even represent a niche faction that needs representation, other than the sorely lacking female quotient, they'll probably get zero consideration. But if achievements mattered the Bangles would at least get a look for having four huge hits (two #1's and two more that hit #2) and being, for a five year period at least, as reliable a group of either gender that could be found. Of the female candidates of the 80's they may have a slightly better shot than most, but that's still not saying much.

Qualifications: 5
Jesse Belvin
A prolific songwriter who penned the classic "Earth Angel", as well as being one of the most versatile vocalists of his era and an influence on almost every west coast rock singer of the 50's. He recorded with so many short lived groups and under multiple aliases, scoring numerous hits along the way, that his work is scattered to the wind, but his signature solo song, "Goodnight My Love", became a rock standard. Belvin died at the age of 26 in a 1960 car crash and remains an almost mythical figure in rock's rise to prominence among other artists.

Qualifications: 7
Kurtis Blow
The first solo rapper of note Blow made waves when "The Breaks" became the first 12" record to be certified Gold. While he never equaled that success, he nevertheless followed it up with numerous smaller hits throughout the 80's and paved the way for every individual behind the mic since. He'll definitely have to wait until bigger hip-hop artists get their due, but down the road he'd be deserving of consideration.

Qualifications: 6
Bon Jovi
Hair metal put a high production sheen on power ballads and macho call to arms anthems and in the process became one the 80's most reliable hit-making styles. Arguably no artist from that realm was more successful than Bon Jovi, with five #1 singles, multi-platinum albums and years of sold out arena tours. Critics hated them, and the form in general, but they've gotten one nomination already and seem the ideal token hair metal candidate for a Hall of Fame that is uneasy with forms of rock outside their narrow field of vision.

Qualifications: 7
Gary "U.S." Bonds
Instigator of what became the frat-house style of rock in the early sixties, he had some classic sides but his success was short lived and won't realistically be enough to get him in. His best shot, ironically, comes from his continuing association with Bruce Springsteen, who is a huge fan and helped Bonds launch a successful comeback in the early 80's, as well as on multiple projects since. The Hall loves Bruce's induction speeches, so maybe that'd be seen as reason enough for some to cast a vote his way.

Qualifications: 5
Boogie Down Productions
More than anyone else KRS-One is responsible for the wave of political rap that changed hip-hop's direction in the mid-80's and BDP's introduction of reggae vibes led to far different sonic textures in the future. Very few MC's hold the respect of their peers over nearly three decades as he does and along with the late Scott LaRock, whose tragic violent death was presaged by their own music earning against such fates, BDP would be a bold, but entirely deserving choice of the Hall seeking to properly define rock 'n' roll's most important artists.

Qualifications: 6
A huge debut and a handful of other big hits along the way, in a style that didn't break any new ground and has the image of one built on bombast to some as it is, probably won't be enough to get them so much as a nomination, leaving hardcore fans convinced the Hall is biased. In truth Boston deserves a look, but not much more. They're like an athlete with one big season that will remain on the books forever, but their full career didn't live up to those early expectations.

Qualifications: 5
Jerry Butler
Though the group he initially fronted in 1958, The Impressions, made it in long ago, Butler, who went on to have huge solo career, never got in himself, despite over 40 hits to his credit. Often veered between deeper soul, such as the immortal "Only The Strong Survive" and more ornate pop, like his rendition of "Moon River", but the conflicting material didn't keep Bobby Darin out of the Hall. Butler's widely considered to be one of the true class acts in an industry not always known for that, so that image could help.

Qualifications: 7
The Cadillacs
Groundbreaking vocal harmony group was the first to bring stage choreography to rock 'n' roll, making them one of the most influential artists performance-wise in history. In lead singer Earl "Speedoo" Carroll they had one of the most charismatic frontmen who ever graced a stage and were equally skilled at humorous uptempo songs and romantic ballads. But on the whole vocal harmony groups of the 50's often had fleeting mainstream success, and so unless their biggest hit is still widely known, the chances are slim.

Qualifications: 6
Do you think the members of the Hall Of Fame nominating committee and voting body are even aware such a group exists? Or that they scored 38 hits on the R&B Charts in their careers as one of funk's last self-contained bands of note? Judging by the Hall's lack of respect for even the more prominent members of that vital rock style, it's highly doubtful. If they have heard of them it's likely for their lone Top Ten Pop smash, 1986's "Word Up", which briefly brought them on the radar of even the most funk-deprived.

Qualifications: 5
Canned Heat
Brought the boogie-styled blues back to rock 'n' roll which paved the way for ZZ Top among others, but their popularity as a live act and the authenticity of their approach aside, it was relatively small in impact. The early deaths of two of their most prominent members hurts their chances when looking at it from an induction ceremony standpoint. Fondly remembered by fans, with two hits of theirs still instantly recognizable thanks to commercial use, but without the mainstream familiarity necessary for wider support.

Qualifications: 5
James Carr
Very little in the way of commercial success, none of his singles even broke the Top 60, though they did do much better on the R&B Charts, but like similarly hit-starved inductees Velvet Underground, Frank Zappa and The Ramones, Carr is near legendary within music circles. His drawback is, unlike those three examples who have tons of influence, Carr was just a singer, not an innovator.  But then some would say he was the single greatest southern soul singer ever, so if that matters he's got a chance.

Qualifications: 5
The Cars
Though probably not thought of immediately when it comes to possible Fame status they have a chance to at least have their credentials looked at, which are very good in terms of popularity (8 Top Twenty hits) but not viewed as all that groundbreaking. Even without that groundbreaking status they were so successful and emblematic of their style and era that they are a decent bet to be at least be nominated at some point in the future. Their chances at getting in depends on how that era and style are remembered at the time of the vote.

Qualifications: 7
Clarence Carter
The blind guitar playing soul star of the late 60's and early 70's has a number of hits and equally well-remembered lesser songs to his credit but takes a back seat in recognition to his contemporaries in most circles. The sexual lothario image he created was a precursor to much of the 70's black music scene but he failed to make pop inroads with it as time wore on. One of the key figures in the Muscle Shoals sound and married to a time to fellow soul star Candi Staton, he remains a decent long shot.

Qualifications: 5
Gene Chandler
One omnipresent song can sometimes give an outside shot a better chance than otherwise expected but in Chandler's case that song ("Duke Of Earl") actually overshadows a very long, solid career in a much more mature soul style. If he does get considered it will surely be for that one massive record, but his subsequent 30+ hits stretching into the 1980's, including some great songs written by Curtis Mayfield and one transcendent live album, could earn him added support.

Qualifications: 6
The Chantels
The Hall of Fame is always in need of females to acknowledge, which can be hard in a male dominated style of music such as a rock 'n' roll, so here's one that helped kick off the girl group era way back in 1958, who have a respected lead singer in Arlene Smith, and two enduring songs, including the all-time classic "Maybe". They've gotten a nomination already so they're definitely on somebody's radar.

Qualifications: 5
Cheap Trick
Versatile, long-lasting group that had subtle influence over a wide number of styles, from hard rock to alternative. Much more popular in Japan than America, their early work received strong acclaim but their commercial fortunes remained up and down, exacerbated by never settling on a specific sound for long. When they did enjoy their biggest hits it was ironically by following the mainstream trends, hurting their critical support. Though never a dominant presence in rock they were widely respected by other artists, especially those who came after them, so their name recognition might get them a look.

Qualifications: 5
Despite repeated nominations, Chic sadly falls victim to the larger voting body's multitude of well-documented biases, starting with the widespread dismissal of disco as a crucial style of rock. Few groups however featured such diverse skills as Chic's core members, as they were one of the greatest instrumental rhythm sections in history, as well as the best producers in rock for a decade and among the best songwriters, not just for themselves but dozens of other major names. Though the backlash against disco once it fell from favor was intense, their music's influence has been widely felt over the past three decades, serving now as the cornerstone of EDM. Their failure to get in remains among the institution's biggest injustices.

Qualifications: 7
The Chiffons
The girl group style was dominant in the early to mid-60's and the Chiffons lasted as long at the top as any. They have three Top Ten hits to their credit that are all still widely heard, including the #1 smash "He's So Fine" which George Harrison later lifted for "My Sweet Lord". The lack of identifiable individual members hurts them, as does the modern image of the girl-group sound, but anyone looking deeper into their catalog will find they were much more versatile than they're usually given credit for. While they are a long-shot at best, some long-shots do come in and they wouldn't be entirely undeserving of a look.

Qualifications: 5
The Chi-Lites
Black vocal harmony groups of the 70's still largely have a ways to go in voters minds, as such deserving candidates such as the Dells and O'Jays had to wait multiple years before finally getting the call. The Chi-Lites, despite over 40 R&B Hits to their credit, including a #1 Pop Hit along the way, don't even get the recognition of those two acts, so they might be waiting a long, long time, even with the great Eugene Record in their midst. Vastly underrated today and therefore seriously overlooked by voters so far.

Qualifications: 7
The Clovers
One of the Hall Of Fame's most indefensible exclusions, the Clovers were the first rock vocal group of note, landing an astonishing 15 Top Ten hits in the early to mid-50's. Today they are known almost exclusively for their belated 1959 pop chart hit "Love Potion #9", which gives them the surface appearance of a flash in the pan to those who don't know rock's origins, which sadly might include the voters. In truth, the Clovers set the model that most other vocal groups followed and were the biggest group of their era. A dominant force in rock's evolution.

Qualifications: 8

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