200 Greatest Novels of the
19th Century

Criteria: These novels published in the 1800s are ranked according to their initial and lasting acclaim, influence as well as initial and lasting popularity.

Disclaimer: This list is strongly influenced by the Western canon of literature. This means that in the broader scope of a global literature certain regions may be underrepresented, among them India, China, Africa and Latin America.

List Begun: 2022-09-18
Greatest Novels of the 19th Century
  1. War and Peace by Leo Tolstoy
  2. Pride and Prejudice by Jane Austen
  3. Great Expectations by Charles Dickens
  4. Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain
  5. Crime and Punishment by Fyodor Dostoyevsky
  6. Anna Karenina by Leo Tolstoy
  7. Moby Dick by Herman Melville
  8. The Brothers Karamazov by Fyodor Dostoyevsky
  9. Madame Bovary by Gustave Flaubert
10. Middlemarch by George Eliot
11. The Red and the Black by Stendhal
12. David Copperfield by Charles Dickens
13. Wuthering Heights by Emily Brontë
14. Jane Eyre by Charlotte Brontë
15. Emma by Jane Austen
16. Alice's Adventures in Wonderland by Lewis Carroll
17. Frankenstein by Mary Shelley
18. The Scarlet Letter by Nathaniel Hawthorne
19. Vanity Fair by William Makepeace Thackeray
20. Heart of Darkness by Joseph Conrad
21. The Portrait of a Lady by Henry James
22. Tess of the d'Urbervilles by Thomas Hardy
23. Père Goriot by Honoré de Balzac
24. Les Misérables by Victor Hugo
25. Dead Souls by Nikolai Gogol
26. Bleak House by Charles Dickens
27. Fathers and Sons by Ivan Turgenev
28. Eugenie Grandet by Honoré de Balzac
29. The Last of the Mohicans by James Fenimore Cooper
30. A Sentimental Education by Gustave Flaubert
31. Hunger by Knut Hamsun
32. Persuasion by Jane Austen
33. Germinal by Émile Zola
34. Uncle Tom's Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe
35. A Tale of Two Cities by Charles Dickens
36. Dracula by Bram Stoker
37. Through the Looking Glass by Lewis Carroll
38. The Idiot by Fyodor Dostoyevsky
39. The Adventures of Tom Sawyer by Mark Twain
40. The Red Badge of Courage by Stephen Crane
41. The Awakening by Kate Chopin
42. Little Women by Louisa May Alcott
43. The Betrothed by Alessandro Manzoni
44. The Turn of the Screw by Henry James
45. The Three Musketeers by Alexandre Dumas
46. Lord Jim by Joseph Conrad
47. Return of the Native by Thomas Hardy
48. Sister Carrie by Theodore Dreiser
49. The Charterhouse of Parma by Stendhal
50. The Count of Monte Cristo by Alexandre Dumas
51. Ivanhoe by Walter Scott
52. A Hero of Our Time by Mikhail Lermontov
53. Oblomov by Ivan Goncharov
54. Thus Spake Zarathustra by Friedrich Nietzsche
55. The Hunchback of Notre-Dame by Victor Hugo
56. The Moonstone by Wilkie Collins
57. The Adventures of Pinocchio by Carlo Collodi
58. The Wonderful Wizard of Oz by L. Frank Baum
59. The Woman in White by Wilkie Collins
60. Waverley by Walter Scott
61. Thérèse Raquin by Emile Zola
62. Lost Illusions by Honoré de Balzac
63. Sense and Sensibility by Jane Austen
64. Cousin Bette by Honoré de Balzac
65. A Christmas Carol by Charles Dickens
66. The Pickwick Papers by Charles Dickens
67. The Picture of Dorian Gray by Oscar Wilde
68. The Mill on the Floss by George Eliot
69. Demons by Fyodor Dostoyevsky
70. The Death of Ivan Ilyich by Leo Tolstoy
71. Hard Times by Charles Dickens
72. Silas Marner by George Eliot
73. The Way We Live Now by Anthony Trollope
74. Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea by Jules Verne
75. The Time Machine by H.G. Wells
76. War of the Worlds by H.G. Wells
77. Treasure Island by Robert Louis Stevenson
78. The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde by Robert Louis Stevenson
79. The Narrative of Arthur Gordon Pym of Nantucket by Edgar Allan Poe
80. The Last Chronicle of Barset by Anthony Trollope
81. Jude the Obscure by Thomas Hardy
82. Notes from the Underground by Fyodor Dostoyevsky
83. Bouvard et Pécuchet by Gustave Flaubert
84. The Mayor of Casterbridge by Thomas Hardy
85. Barchester Towers by Anthony Trollope
86. Far from the Madding Crowd by Thomas Hardy
87. King Solomon's Mines by H. Rider Haggard
88. La Regenta by Clarín
89. Way of All Flesh by Samuel Butler
90. The Posthumous Memoirs of Bras Cubas by Machado de Assis
91. Maldoror (Les Chants de Maldoror) by Comte de Lautréamont
92. Oliver Twist by Charles Dickens
93. Three Men in a Boat by Jerome K. Jerome
94. Our Mutual Friend by Charles Dickens
95. The House of the Seven Gables by Nathaniel Hawthorne
96. Little Dorrit by Charles Dickens
97. The Diary of a Nobody by George & Weedon Grossmith
98. New Grub Street by George Gissing
99. Against Nature by Joris-Karl Huysmans
100. Dom Casmurro by Machado de Assis

101. Nightmare Abbey by Thomas Love Peacock
102. Daniel Deronda by George Eliot
103. Fortunata and Jacinta by Benito Pérez Galdós
104. Adolphe by Benjamin Constant
105. The Private Memoirs and Confessions of a Justified Sinner by James Hogg
106. The Red Room by August Strindberg
107. Hemsoborna by August Strindberg
108. The Country of the Pointed Firs by Sarah Orne Jewett
109. Ben-Hur by Lew Wallace
110. The Life and Opinions of the Tomcat Murr by E.T.A. Hoffmann
111. Elective Affinities by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
112. Green Henry by Gottfried Keller
113. The Tenant of Wildfell Hall by Anne Brontë
114. Effi Briest by Theodor Fontane
115. Aus dem Leben eines Taugenichts by Joseph von Eichendorff
116. Der Stechlin by Theodor Fontane
117. The Maias by Eça de Queirós
118. Billy Budd by Herman Melville
119. Cranford by Elizabeth Gaskell
120. Michael Kohlhaas by Heinrich von Kleist
121. The Warden by Anthony Trollope
122. Daisy Miller by Henry James
123. Carmen by Prosper Merimee
124. Villette by Charlotte Brontë
125. News from Nowhere by William Morris
126. What Is to Be Done? by Nikolai Chernyshevsky
127. The Enchanted Wanderer by Nikolai Leskov
128. The Tigers of Mompracem by Emilio Salgari
129. What Maisie Knew by Henry James
130. The Crime of Father Amaro by Eça de Queirós
131. Eclipse of the Crescent Moon by Geza Gardonyi
132. North and South by Elizabeth Gaskell
133. I Malavoglia by Giovanni Verga
134. Compassion by Benito Pérez Galdós
135. Uncle Silas by Sheridan Le Fanu
136. Under the Yoke by Ivan Vazov
137. Gosta Berling's Saga by Selma Lagerlof
138. The Water-Babies, A Fairy Tale for a Land Baby by Charles Kingsley
139. Bel Ami by Guy de Maupassant
140. Journey to the Center of the Earth by Jules Verne
141. Indian Summer by Adalbert Stifter
142. The Viceroys by Federico De Roberto
143. Mansfield Park by Jane Austen
144. Adam Bede by George Eliot
145. Phineas Finn by Anthony Trollope
146. Around the World in Eighty Days by Jules Verne
147. Pepita Jimenez by Juan Valera y Alcala-Galiano
148. Quo Vadis by Henryk Sienkiewicz
149. Some Experiences of an Irish R.M. by Edith Somerville & Violet Florence Martin
150. Erewhon by Samuel Butler
151. Max Havelaar by Multatuli
152. Thaïs by Anatole France
153. The House of Ulloa by Emilia Pardo Bazán
154. Pharaoh by Boleslaw Prus
155. Une vie by Guy de Maupassant
156. Torrents of Spring by Ivan Turgenev
157. Melmoth the Wanderer by Charles Robert Maturin
158. Il Piacere by Gabriele D'Annunzio
159. Rob Roy by Walter Scott
160. La Bête humaine by Émile Zola
161. Pierre et Jean by Guy de Maupassant
162. The Invisible Man by H.G. Wells
163. The Island of Doctor Moreau by H.G. Wells
164. Nana by Émile Zola
165. Senilità by Italo Svevo
166. Down There by J. K. Huysmans
167. Eline Vere by Louis Couperus
168. The Devil's Pool by George Sand
169. Marius the Epicurean by Walter Pater
170. L'Assommoir by Émile Zola
171. The Kreutzer Sonata by Leo Tolstoy
172. The Deerslayer by James Fenimore Cooper
173. The Lion of Flanders by Hendrik Conscience
174. She by H. Rider Haggard
175. Black Beauty by Anna Sewell
176. Heidi by Johanna Spyri
177. A Study in Scarlet by Arthur Conan Doyle
178. Dombey and Son by Charles Dickens
179. The Eustace Diamonds by Anthony Trollope
180. Mysteries by Knut Hamsun
181. The Prince and the Pauper by Mark Twain
182. The Blithedale Romance by Nathaniel Hawthorne
183. The Merry Adventures of Robin Hood by Howard Pyle
184. The Queen's Tiara by Carl Jonas Love Almquist
185. The Cloister and the Hearth by Charles Reade
186. Lenz by Georg Buchner
187. The Talisman by Walter Scott
188. The Manuscript Found in Saragossa by Jan Potocki
189. Flatland by Edwin A. Abbott
190. Kidnapped by Robert Louis Stevenson
191. Venus in Furs by Leopold Von Sacher-Masoch
192. The Bostonians by Henry James
193. Swiss Family Robinson by Johann David Wyss
194. The Gambler by Fyodor Dostoyevsky
195. The American by Henry James
196. Nicholas Nickleby by Charles Dickens
197. The Pioneers by James Fenimore Cooper
198. The Master of Ballantrae by Robert Louis Stevenson
199. Benito Cereno by Herman Melville
200. Splendors and Miseries of Courtesans by Honoré de Balzac

War and Peace book cover
War and Peace

Pride and Prejudice book cover
Pride and Prejudice

Adventures of Huckleberry Finn book cover
Adventures of
Huckleberry Finn

Crime and Punishment book cover
Crime and Punishment

David Copperfield book cover
David Copperfield

Jane Eyre book cover
Jane Eyre

Alice's Adventures in Wonderland book cover
Alice's Adventures
in Wonderland

Frankenstein book cover