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100 Greatest Classical Music Piano and
Organ Works

The 100 Greatest Solo Keyboard Works text title image
Criteria: Classical Piano and Organ Works are ranked for their innovation and influence, as well as their aesthetic importance, historical significance and lasting popularity.

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Last Updated:
2017-05-07


  1. Piano Sonata No. 23 in F minor "Appassionata" - Ludwig Van Beethoven

  2. Well Tempered Clavier - Johann Sebastian Bach

  3. Goldberg Variations - Johann Sebastian Bach

  4. Piano Sonata No. 14 in C sharp minor "Moonlight" - Ludwig Van Beethoven

  5. Piano Sonata in B minor - Franz Liszt

  6. Piano Sonata No. 21 in B flat major - Franz Schubert

  7. 24 Preludes - Frederic Chopin

  8. Préludes, Book 1 - Claude Debussy

  9. Polonaise No. 6 in A flat major "Heroic" - Frederic Chopin

10. Pictures at an Exhibition - Modest Mussorgsky

11. Piano Sonata No. 32 in C minor - Ludwig Van Beethoven

12. Piano Sonata No. 21 in C major "Waldstein" - Ludwig Van Beethoven

13. Fantasy in C major "Wanderer" - Franz Schubert

14. Ballade No. 1 in G minor - Frederic Chopin

15. Carnaval - Robert Schumann

16. Piano Sonata No. 29 in B flat major "Hammerklavier" - Ludwig Van Beethoven

17. Piano Sonata No. 2 in B flat minor - Frederic Chopin

18. Piano Sonata No. 8 in C minor "Pathetique" - Ludwig Van Beethoven

19. Préludes, Book 2 - Claude Debussy

20. Gaspard de la Nuit - Maurice Ravel

21. Symphonic Etudes - Robert Schumann

22. Piano Sonata No. 20 in A major - Franz Schubert

23. Impromptus, D899 - Franz Schubert

24. Kinderszenen - Robert Schumann

25. Gymnopédies - Erik Satie

26. Piano Sonata No. 11 in A major - Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

27. Iberia - Isaac Albeniz

28. Four Pieces for Piano, Op. 119 - Johannes Brahms

29. Six Pieces for Piano, Op. 118 - Johannes Brahms

30. Intermezzi - Johannes Brahms

31. 24 Etudes - Frederic Chopin

32. Kleisleriana - Robert Schumann

33. Impromptus, D935 - Franz Schubert

34. Pavane pour une Infante Défunte - Maurice Ravel

35. Piano Sonata No. 31 in A flat major - Ludwig Van Beethoven

36. Phantasie in C major - Robert Schumann

37. Seven Fantasias - Johannes Brahms

38. Goyescas - Enrique Granados

39. Variations on a Theme by Paganani - Johannes Brahms

40. Fantasia in C minor - Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

41. Ballade No. 4 in F minor - Frederic Chopin

42. Ballade No. 3 in A flat major - Frederic Chopin

43. Piano Sonata No. 26 in E flat "Les Adieux" - Ludwig Van Beethoven

44. Variations and Fugue on a Theme by Handel in B flat major - Johannes Brahms

45. Nocturne in E flat major, Op. 9 No. 2 - Frederic Chopin

46. Piano Sonata No. 3 in B minor - Frederic Chopin

47. Hungarian Rhapsodies - Franz Liszt

48. Songs without Words for Piano - Felix Mendelssohn

49. Piano Sonata No. 7 in B flat major - Serge Prokofiev

50. Piano Sonata No. 5 in D sharp minor - Alexander Scriabin

51. Piano Sonata No. 19 in C minor - Franz Schubert

52. Piano Sonata No. 30 in E major - Ludwig Van Beethoven

53. Piano Sonata No. 2 "Concord, Mass." - Charles Ives

54. Fantasie for Piano in F minor/A flat major - Frederic Chopin

55. Le Tombeau de Couperin - Maurice Ravel

56. Thirteen Preludes, Op. 32 - Sergei Rachmaninoff

57. Ten Preludes, Op. 23 - Sergei Rachmaninoff

58. Prelude, Chorale and Fugue - César Franck

59. Suite Bergamasque - Claude Debussy

60. Estampes - Claude Debussy

61. Prelude in C sharp minor, Op. 3, No. 2 - Sergei Rachmaninoff

62. Keyboard Sonata No. 62 in E flat major - Joseph Haydn

63. Transcendental Etudes - Franz Liszt

64. Children's Corner - Claude Debussy

65. Lyric Pieces - Edvard Grieg

66. Italian Concerto - Johann Sebastian Bach

67. Barcarolle in F sharp major - Frederic Chopin

68. Piano Sonata No. 8 in A minor - Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

69. Valses Nobles et Sentimentales - Maurice Ravel

70. Annees de Pelerinage - Franz Liszt

71. Islamey - Mily Balakirev

72. Images for Piano - Claude Debussy

73. Polonaise No. 3 in A major "Military" - Frederic Chopin

74. Mephisto Waltz No. 1 - Franz Liszt

75. Piano Sonata No. 9 in F major "Black Mass" - Alexander Scriabin

76. Piano Variations - Aaron Copland

77. Five Piano Pieces - Arnold Schoenberg

78. Variations on a Waltz by Diabelli - Ludwig Van Beethoven

79. Piano Sonata No. 18 in G major - Franz Schubert

80. Jeux D'eau - Maurice Ravel

81. Grande Valse Brillante in E flat major, Op. 18 - Frederic Chopin

82. Piano Sonata No. 10 in C major - Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

83. Moments Musicaux - Franz Schubert

84. Partita No. 1 in B flat major - Johann Sebastian Bach

85. Nocturne in D flat major, Op. 27 No. 2 - Frederic Chopin

86. Piano Sonata No. 14 in C minor - Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

87. Piano Sonata No. 13 in A major - Franz Schubert

88. Variations Sérieuses in D minor - Felix Mendelssohn

89. Rhapsodies, Op. 79 - Johannes Brahms

90. Fantasiestucke - Robert Schumann

91. Petrouchka, three movements for piano - Igor Stravinsky

92. Nocturnes - Gabriel Fauré

93. Andante and Rondo Capriccioso - Felix Mendelssohn

94. Fantaisie Impromptu - Frederic Chopin

95. Invitation to the Dance - Carl Maria von Weber

96. Preludes and Fugues for Piano, Op. 87 - Dmitri Shostakovitch

97. Liebesträume No. 3 - Franz Liszt

98. Chromatic Fantasia and Fugue in D minor - Johann Sebastian Bach

99. Scherzo No. 2 in B flat minor - Frederic Chopin

100. Suite Española - Isaac Albeniz

101. Suite for Harpsichord No. 5 in E major "The Harmonious Blacksmith" - George Frideric Handel

102. Piano Sonata No. 3 in F minor - Johannes Brahms

103. Piano Sonata No. 2 in B flat minor - Sergei Rachmaninoff

104. Waltz in C sharp minor, Op. 64, No. 2 - Frederic Chopin

105. Miroirs - Maurice Ravel

106. Piano Sonata No. 6 in A major - Serge Prokofiev

107. Three Piano Pieces - Arnold Schoenberg

108. Nocturne in C sharp minor, Op. 27 No. 1 - Frederic Chopin

109. Etude in D sharp minor, Op. 8 No. 12 - Alexander Scriabin

110. Les Saisons - Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky

111. Harpsichord Sonata in E major, K380 "Cortege" - Domenico Scarlatti

112. "Minute" Waltz in D flat major, Op. 64, No. 1 - Frederic Chopin

113. Piano Sonata No. 8 in B flat major - Serge Prokofiev

114. Arabesques - Claude Debussy

115. Sonatine - Maurice Ravel

116. Three Etudes de Concert, S.144 - Franz Liszt

117. Preludes for Piano - George Gershwin

118. Etude in C sharp minor, Op. 2 No. 1 - Alexander Scriabin

119. Berceuse in D flat major - Frederic Chopin

120. Andante Spianato et Grand Polonaise Brillante in E flat - Frederic Chopin

121. Piano Sonata in E flat minor - Samuel Barber

122. Piano Sonata No. 10 - Alexander Scriabin

123. Mouvements Perpetuels - Francis Poulenc

124. Piano Sonata No. 2 - Pierre Boulez

125. Piano Sonata No. 17 in D minor "Tempest" - Ludwig Van Beethoven

126. Consolation No. 3 in D flat major - Franz Liszt

127. Scherzo No. 3 in C sharp minor - Frederic Chopin

128. Vingt Regards sur l'enfant Jesus - Olivier Messiaen

129. Arabeske in C major - Robert Schumann

130. Sports et Divertissements - Erik Satie

131. Piano Sonata No. 8 - Alexander Scriabin

132. L'isle Joyeuse - Claude Debussy

133. Fur Elise - Ludwig Van Beethoven

134. Harpsichord Sonata in D minor, K9 "Pastorale" - Domenico Scarlatti

135. Etudes - Claude Debussy

136. Piano Sonata No. 28 in A major - Ludwig Van Beethoven

137. Scherzo No. 1 in B minor - Frederic Chopin

138. Piano Sonata in F sharp minor - Charles Griffes

139. Piano Sonata No. 15 in C major "Sonata semplice" - Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

140. Romanian Folk Dances - Béla Bartók

Ludwig von Beethoven
Ludwig von Beethoven


Johann Sebastian Bach
Johann Sebastian Bach


Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart


Johannes Brahms
Johannes Brahms



The Greatest Organ Works text title image
 1. Toccata and Fugue in D minor - Johann Sebastian Bach

 2. Wachet auf, ruft uns die Stimme - Johann Sebastian Bach

 3. Fugue in G minor, "Little G minor" - Johann Sebastian Bach

 4. Toccata, Adagio and Fugue in C major - Johann Sebastian Bach

 5. Fantasia and Fugue in G minor, "Great G minor" - Johann Sebastian Bach

 6. Trio Sonata for Organ no 5 in C major - Johann Sebastian Bach

 7. Prelude and Fugue in E flat major, "St Anne" - Johann Sebastian Bach

 8. Trio Sonata for Organ no 1 in E flat major - Johann Sebastian Bach

 9. Toccata and Fugue in D minor, "Dorian" - Johann Sebastian Bach

10. Trio Sonata for Organ no 3 in D minor - Johann Sebastian Bach

11. Prelude and Fugue in D major - Johann Sebastian Bach

12. Pastorale in F major - Johann Sebastian Bach

13. Prelude and Fugue in E minor "Wedge" - Johann Sebastian Bach

14. Prelude and Fugue in A minor - Johann Sebastian Bach

15. Fantasia for Mechanical Organ in F minor - Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

16. Prelude, Fugue and Variation for Organ in B minor, Op. 18 - César Franck

17. Prelude and Fugue for Organ on B-A-C-H - Franz Liszt

18. Chorales (3) for Organ: no 2 in B minor - César Franck

19. Pieces (3) for Organ: no 3 - Pièce héroïque in B minor - César Franck

20. Chorales (3) for Organ: no 3 in A minor - César Franck

21. Adagio and Allegro for Mechanical Organ in F minor - Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

22. Andante for Mechanical Organ in D major - Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

23. Grande pièce symphonique for Organ, Op. 17 - César Franck

24. Pastorale for Organ in E major, Op. 19 - César Franck

25. Fantasy and Fugue for Organ, "Ad nos, ad salutarem" - Franz Liszt

26. Prière for Organ in C sharp minor, Op 20 - César Franck

27. Sonatas (6) for Organ, Op. 65: no 1 in F minor - Felix Mendelssohn

28. Pieces (3) for Organ M 35: no 1 - Fantaisie in A major - César Franck

29. Finale for Organ in B flat major, Op. 21 - César Franck

30. Fantasy for Organ in E flat major - Camille Saint-Saëns

31. Sonatas (6) for Organ, Op. 65: no 6 in D minor - Felix Mendelssohn

32. Fugue for Organ in A flat minor - Johannes Brahms

33. Trumpet Tune for Organ in C major, "Indian Queen" - Henry Purcell

34. Variations for Organ on "Weinen, Klagen, Sorgen, Zagen" - Franz Liszt

35. Prelude and Fugue for Organ in G minor - Johannes Brahms

36. Sonata for Organ in G major, Op. 28 - Sir Edward Elgar

37. Chorale Prelude and Fugue for Organ, "O Traurigkeit" - Johannes Brahms

38. Lady Macbeth of the Mtsensk district, Op. 29: Passacaglia - Dmitri Shostakovich

39. Preludes on Welsh Hymn Tunes (3) for Organ: no 2, Rhosymedre - R. V. Williams

Johann Sebastian Bach
Johann Sebastian Bach


César Franck
César Franck


Franz Liszt
Franz Liszt

The Greatest Composers for Piano
1. Frederic Chopin
2. Ludwig Van Beethoven
3. Franz Schubert
4. Robert Schumann
5. Johannes Brahms
6. Franz Liszt
7. Claude Debussy
8. Maurice Ravel
9. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
10. Sergei Rachmaninoff
11. Alexander Scriabin
12. Felix Mendelssohn
13. Serge Prokofiev
14. Isaac Albeniz
15. Erik Satie

The Greatest Composers for Organ
1. Johann Sebastian Bach
2. César Franck
3. Franz Liszt
4. Camille Saint-Saëns
5. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
6. Johannes Brahms
7. Felix Mendelssohn
8. Sir Edward Elgar
9. Ralph Vaughan Williams
10. Dmitri Shostakovich





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